Please Don’t Run Me Over, I’m Wearing Headphones for Running

Running with Music by Chris Hunkeler, on Flickr

Running with Music by Chris Hunkeler, on Flickr

When you first get into the market for some headphones for running, you’ll probably be surprised. There are a LOT of different models to choose from.

Some are “normal” headphones that just have the small plastic round pieces you put in your ears.

Others have a plastic hook that goes around your ear, securing it in place.

Some running headphones have a small rubbery piece that sticks into your ear, holding it in place.

Each of these has its advantages and disadvantages. To help you choose the best type of headphone for running, we made up three factors to consider. It’s the Internet, of course we make these up.

(Psst: scroll to the bottom for some shameless product recommendations)


Factor #1: Headphones Price

Would you be surprised to hear that headphones for running can be anywhere from $1 to over $200? I’m not, because I just did the research.

The first time I got a pair of $35 headphones, I felt like I’d spent a fortune. Apparently I was on the lower end of the spectrum, with “serious” runners willing to pay a lot more for their gear.

Generally, we’ve found that higher prices have almost zero effect on quality. Sure, they may look a little cooler or have slightly better audio- but as for utility? There’s very little difference.

A set of $8 headphones with hooks that go around your ears tend to work just as well, if not better, than that $150 set that has nothing to keep them secure in your ears.

All of that said- some runners swear by the more expensive gear, saying that it stays in place better and provides much better quality sound.

What it really boils down to is your budget. How much can you afford to pay to get the tiny incremental improvements that you may or may not notice with a more expensive pair?

Factor #2: Usage during Running

Some runners log 3-5 miles a week. Others log more than 2-3 more than that every day.

If you’re in the first group, chances are you don’t need extremely high quality headphones for running. You really aren’t using them too much, so they should be able to last a long time before they need replacing.

Meanwhile, folks in the second group may need to get a higher quality pair of headphones. If you’re logging 5 miles a day, you’re probably running at least 10 hours a week, right? That’s a lot of time spent in those headphones, so you need to make sure they’re sturdy and comfortable.

Yellow and green sprint by KaiChanVong, on Flickr

Yellow and green sprint by KaiChanVong, on Flickr

Along with usage comes the idea of sound isolation. Do you need to cancel all of the noise around you to really concentrate? Or are you in a situation where you need good situational awareness?

For example- many runners who spend their miles on treadmills tend to like sound isolation. They don’t want to hear weights dropping, random gym chatter, and the slowpoke next to you huffing and puffing. You also probably want to isolate the sound of your own breath and feet hitting the ground.

Meanwhile, street runners can’t be so picky. Safety should always be a top priority, and on the street you need to hear cars, bikers, muggers, other runners, etc.

Bottom line- how much time are you logging, and where is it?

Factor #3: Comfort in Your Ears

Everyone’s different.

My head is shaped differently than yours. My ears are probably either bigger or smaller, higher or lower, rounder or less round… you get the point.

Because our bodies are all shaped differently, a headset that feels great to your buddy may feel extremely uncomfortable to you.

Running should be a fun, enjoyable experience. Everyone loves that runner’s high, especially while jamming out to your favorite music. But nobody wants to do that with uncomfortable headphones in their ears.

Think about what you think you’d like best regarding comfort. Would you be okay with having a piece loop behind your ears? Or would you rather have a small piece of the headphones stick deeper into your ears for stability?

Either way- just pick one and try out a set. If you like it, great. If not, you can (hopefully) return them and get a different set to try out.

Also, is the cord too short, too long, or just right? Too much cord adds a lot of bounce, while having too small of a cord could cause you to knock the headphones out.

The bottom line? Don’t try to force yourself to like your earphones. Get some that you feel comfortable with and roll with it.

Conclusion and Shameless Promotion

Generally, these are the 3 main things to consider when shopping for headphones for running. Typically the more expensive headphones are higher quality and last longer, but they may not provide better stability or sound.

Whatever you decide to do, make sure you buy from my links below. It tells me that I should make up more articles like this one in the future.

Cheapo Headphones:
Philips Flexible Earhook Headphones SHS3201/28 (White) (replaces SHS3201/37)

Sennhesier MX685 Adidas Sports In-Ear Headphones – Black

You Want the Best Headphones for Running:
Bose SIE2i Sport Headphones – Blue

I have money to burn:
Shure SE315-K, Sound Isolating Earphone, Hi-Definition Micro Speaker with Tuned Bass Port (Black)

Do Waterproof Running Shoes Work on Treadmills?

A lot of readers ask me if waterproof running shoes work on treadmills. Even though some might consider this a silly topic, I think it does need to be addressed.

First off, let’s look at where these types of shoes are typically used.

Who Needs Waterproof Running Shoes?

There are 3 main times that you need these types of shoes.

The first is if you live in an area that receives huge amounts of rain. The first place that comes to mind is Seattle, considering that place is always soaking wet.

The second group of people that should get these shoes is swamp people. As you might expect, these are the people living in regions such as the Everglades or southern Louisiana. Swamp people tend to get into a lot of trouble, so they’re constantly running away from alligators, snakes, and man-eating mud monsters.

PHOTO CREDIT:  Muddy shoes by vitahall, Flickr

PHOTO CREDIT: Muddy shoes by vitahall, Flickr

The third group, which is probably the group you belong to, is the group of people who like to run in the ocean naked. Obviously you’re just asking for trouble by not having any shoes on, so you better keep those feet dry if you partake in this kinda thing.

But even though these are the main times you’d want shoes, you can, in fact, use them on a treadmill. Here are a few things to consider though.

Waterproof Shoes and Treadmills

Personally, I don’t recommend taking these shoes on a treadmill.

The first reason is that a good set of shoes isn’t cheap. You’re going to spend at least $100, so why would you tear them up while running on a treadmill?

Don’t get me wrong- I’m not saying that your treadmill is made out of sharp rocks or concrete or something. But generally, there’s no reason to take your nice running shoes onto a treadmill.

Instead, try using flip flops. They’re meant to be destroyed anyway. You could also try wearing something like Crocs. They’re made out of rubber- kinda.

That said- maybe you still want to run on a treadmill. Make sure you do the following before you get going.

Treadmill Running Checklist

First, make sure that your running shoes are laced up nice and tight. I can’t tell you how many times I tried to run with the laces untied, only to wind up flat on my face. It doesn’t feel very good- I don’t recommend it.

Second, strap on your GPS running watch. I know, I know- what good is a watch using GPS if you’re just on a treadmill? Well, here’s the thing. If you got attacked by a pack of zombies while you’re on the treadmill, the only way someone will ever find you is by tracking your GPS watch.

Third, get some good quality running gear. Cotton works okay, but typically isn’t the best material for running. It gets hot and absorbs all of your sweat- not fun. Instead, invest in running shorts, shirts, underwear and socks that wick away moisture. That way you can at least feel comfortable.

PHOTO CREDIT: Legs by Håkan Dahlström, Flickr

PHOTO CREDIT: Legs by Håkan Dahlström, Flickr

Fourth, spend at least 5 minutes stretching before and after your workout. Stretching has been proven to reduce your chances of injury, quicken recovery time, and give you the powers of Superman. The most important stretch, as you might imagine, is laying on your stomach and then stretching out your arms in front of you, while straightening your legs out behind you.

Finally, attach a footpod to your waterproof running shoes. This will help you keep track of your pace and cadence.

Now let’s talk about a few things to look for in your shoe.

What Makes a Good Running Shoe?

The most important feature of a good running shoe is the support it provides your foot. Most runners don’t have perfect running form, so your shoe should compensate that. For example, someone with high arches usually needs a shoe that provides great arch support.

Another important feature is a grip on the bottom of the shoe. If you’re running on treadmills, this isn’t extremely important. But if you decide to take a run up a cliff or on the ceiling, you’ll want the best grip you can get.

Finally, make sure that your foot gets extremely hot while running in the shoe. This verifies that no moisture is getting in. Sure, maybe your foot will smell bad enough to knock out small animals and children with one sniff, but at least they didn’t allow in moisture.

The Soggy Truth

Waterproof running shoes work pretty well on treadmills. Even though that isn’t exactly what they were designed for, don’t feel too silly about trying it sometime. You might be surprised and realize that you like it, similar to that time you tried an egg, beet and Snickers sandwich.

(PHOTO CREDIT on Featured Image: Treadmill by maHidoodi, Flickr)

Garmin Replaces “Out Of Warranty” Heart Rate Monitor

Second only to shoes, the GPS running watch is perhaps the most valuable piece of equipment a runner has. Read to see how one company made a runner’s day.

Allison has one, and explained to us how wonderful Garmin was recently when something went wrong with a mere accessory to her GPS.

Allison writes:
I’ve become so reliant on my “Garmy”, I’ve been known to stand around for 5 minutes before a run with my arm extended skyward, waiting for a satellite to lock on.

In June of this year, my HRM started giving wonky readings. My resting heart rate is under 70 bpm, but when I was cranking full steam up a hill, the HRM said my heart rate was 75. I figured the battery was dying and replaced it…and then my HRM stopped talking to my Garmin. I performed 2 types of resets on the watch to no avail; it still wouldn’t register my HRM.

On a whim, I e-mailed Garmin asking if there were any other trouble-shooting methods I could try, noting that I’d only owned the watch for 13 months.

Within a couple of days, Garmin Customer Service responded, asking for my address so they could send me a replacement HRM under warranty, even though I was just out of warranty! Less than 2 weeks later, I had a brand spanking new (and brand new model) replacement HRM!


Read the full article at

Photo copyright by

Running Shrug for Cold Runs

Many dread early morning runs due to the fact that it’s breezy and cold outside.  If  you have to endure  running on early winter mornings, don’t just give it  a shrug, go get a shrug!

The Urban Running Girl shrug is basically a shirt… without most of the shirt! It covers the arms and shoulders, making it lightweight and easy to remove when you no longer need that layer. Plus, unlike arm warmers where you have to find somewhere to stash them once you’re done with them, this can tie around your waist without nearly the bulk that a jacket adds. This is perfect for cool morning runs (I live in Las Vegas, this could even be used for winter running!) and it’s a perfect option for races with cool starts. You can wear a tank or singlet and top it off with the shrug to stay warm. Your race number will stay expose while you stay warm until it’s time to remove the shrug.

It has handy little pockets at the end of the sleeves.

No, these pockets aren’t for storing stuff, they’re to tuck your hands into when you’re shivering in the starting corral or just need to keep your paws covered for a little while.

It’s multipurpose too!

You can use this for more than just running though. You could stuff it in your bag and pull it on in cold movie theaters (Does every place keep their movie theaters sub-zero? Vegas ones are cold!) You could slip it on over a t-shirt while working in the yard or just sitting in your office. (That’s been tested… it worked well!) I’m a fan, I think this is a smart design!


Read the full article at Jill Will Run. 


Photo copyright by Flickr user kirybabe. 

Tips on Finding the Perfect Running Shoes

Do you always have a hard time finding the “perfect” shoes? If  you always find yourself having bought several pairs and yet still feel uncomfortable, chances are you are also looking for the magic something that would make you say “I found the right one! “.  How do we decide if a pair of shoe is  a perfect match? Here are some guidelines:

1. It causes no pain. No abrasion, no hot spots, no unusual aches in my legs or feet. No pain is good. Note: sometimes pain may be present as your body adapts to a given shoe, and it starts to feel better after a few runs, so this may not always be a perfect indicator on your first run in a shoe.

2. It disappears on my feet. If I weren’t concentrating on how it feels, the shoe would go completely unnoticed. It doesn’t make me think about my form, it doesn’t force my feet to move in ways that they don’t want to, and it doesn’t get in the way while I run. When I run in a shoe that’s a good match, I feel strong and as if my body is in complete control. A good shoe works with my body, not against it.


Read the full article at Runblogger.

Photo copyright by Flickr user  Josiah Mackenzie.

Treadmills for Dogs to Keep Them Fit

Who says treadmills are only for humans? As much as we need exercise, our pooch should be doing the same.  However, if you have limited time for everything, you can always count on this mini treadmill for dogs!

David Ezra, CEO of DogPACER, said he got the idea for the canine cardio machine after observing clients at his fitness centres.

“I thought, “Why not a treadmill for dogs?”" he said.

Hundreds of canine treadmills – which sell for $500 and come in regular and mini sizes – have been sold since they hit the market seven months ago.

“We’ve run over 1,000 dogs at this point,” said Ezra, adding that 60 to 70 percent of the treadmills go to dog owners, including seniors whose health problems prevent them from exercising their animals.

Others are purchased by grooming salons, veterinarians, police and government agencies, and animal rehabilitation centres.

“Grooming facilities will throw the dog on (a treadmill) to de-stress them before grooming,” he said, adding that dogs must be supervised and will initially be taken aback by the equipment.

Read the full article at Yahoo News.


Photo copyright by Flickr user AMagill. 

Must Download Apps for Runners

Smartphones are in. Being healthy is in. Gladly, there are a couple of apps that can help us stay healthy in this technological era.  Here are some apps to help us in our goal of living a healthy lifestyle.  So, grab your gadgets now and hit download!


Cell phones can do wonders for your runs – short and long distance. With built in features for motivation or workout changes, you can have a better run with a cell phone on your arm.

  • Tracking: Don’t know a mile from 10 feet? Neither do I – but when you track your runs, you can find mile markers to make your unconnected runs more effective.
  • Motivation: The Nike Running Tracker lets Facebook friends cheer you on – so if you need that little extra, this is the one for you.
  • Music:  Apps like don’t just give you good tunes to run to, but make it more effective as well. Choose playlists based on BPM for more effective strides.


Read the full list at Will Run For Food. 


Photo copyright by Flickr user 

Top Minimalist Running Shoes for Kids

While minimalist running is on the rise, many shoe manufacturers started incorporating barefoot-running theme to their designs. Some are even smarter to consider styles for kids  who are fond of running around barefoot.Here’s a review by a runner dad about the minimalist footwear his kids had tried.

I get a lot of questions about minimalist footwear options for kids, and it’s a topic that I’m very passionate about. I feel strongly that kids should be in shoes that respect natural foot shape and allow for normal function and development. With that in mind, I thought it might be worthwhile to write a post listing the shoes that I put on the feet of my own kids with a bit of commentary on each.

I have three children: a 2 year-old boy (that’s him in the photo above sporting his Merrell Flux Gloves), a 7 year-old girl, and an 8 year-old boy. Given a choice, they prefer to be barefoot most of the time, and this is a habit that I encourage. But, there are times when shoes are needed, so this list presents the shoes that they wear most often.

I’ll start with the shoe that all three of my kid’s absolutely love and that would be their preferred option 99% of the time if allowed to choose on their own:


Find out what he picks for his kids at Runblogger. 


 Photo copyright by Flickr  user zhurnaly. 

How to Make Your Running Shoes Outlast

Do you always find yourself complaining about your shoes ‘ durability?  Running shoes aren’t designed to be worn forever but who doesn’t want to use it for a longer time, especially if you are on a budget. Cutting the frequency of  having to buy new running shoes is a surely  good deal for every frugal runners out there. And here are some tips to help your pair extend their miles.

So, if you have a tendency to destroy shoe soles rapidly, whether on the heel or forefoot, I’d encourage you to take a video of your gait and see if you’re a scuffer. It might explain your shoe-durability issues. I know of people who can get a thousand miles on a pair of shoes, when the same pair on another person might last a few hundred. In a case like this it’s probably due to a combination of surfaces run on and/or their form.

So how do you correct scuffing? Tough question, but I suspect it’s in many/most cases a symptom of overstriding. When you reach out too far in front of the body with the foot the chances of scuffing are greater than if you touch down gently like a barefoot runner. Think about propelling a scooter – you want the foot to contact the ground quickly and pull backward, not plow forward first then pull. The latter would destroy your shoes really fast! This explanation would apply to both heel and forefoot strikers, the location of max wear is what would differ. To correct this, avoiding reaching out would be the key. Mental cues like “vertical shin on contact” or “put the foot down behind you” can be helpful, as can a video of yourself that may give you an idea of what you actually are doing when you run.


Read the full article at Runblogger. 


Photo copyright by Flickr user puuikibeach.

Shoelace Tying Technique Can Reduce Injury

“It’s the little details that are vital. Little things make big things happen. ”  -  John Wooden

In our running life, more often that not, we  miss paying attention to  the small details,  i.e. how we lace our shoes.  Luckily, some are patient enough to conduct studies on these little details.  It turns out that the way we lace our shoes can affect our performance by decreasing chances of getting injury and increasing comfort. (The latter seems to be obvious. )

The results showed that shoes tied tightly reduce pronation velocity and, more importantly, reduced impact loading rates. As you might have guessed, the looser and less comprehensive lacings using only two or three eyelets resulted in increased impact loading rates and pronation velocities. Pronation has not been reliably tied to injury rates, but impact loading rates have, so a reduction in loading rate by simply tightening your shoes is noteworthy.

A tight lacing also reduced localized pressure on the outside of the foot, likely by pulling the heel deeper into the shoe’s insole. However, there was a downside—the runners consistently reported the tight-laced condition as being one of the least comfortable. However, Hagen et al. found that the seven-eyelet “heel lock” lacing at a normal tightness was just as effective at reducing impact loading rates, pronation velocity, and plantar foot pressure as the standard six-eyelet lacing tied tightly.


Read the full article at Runners Connect. 


Photo copyright by Flickr user  respectablestreet.


Handful Sports Bra for Active Runners

High impact activities like running call for a reliable sports bra. It should be able to provide the needed support  without compromising  comfort and style. All of these are addressed by Handful bras!  And oh, if you got a handful, you should also try Handful – as their motto goes -flatter, not flatten. 

Awhile ago, when I saw reviews for the Handful bra, I thought, how cute – but what a bummer I couldn’t wear it, at least not as a sports bra.  But after 4 children and 4 years of breastfeeding, my body has changed.  Before, I wore the super support bras when running, and even now I like feeling supported – Handful bras give me that support!  They flatter, not flatten, yet provide ample support, even for high impact activities such as running.  Handful is truly an “everyday bra that takes you from workout to weekend, looking great by itself or fantastic as a layering piece underneath.”

I first received the original handful (with the crisscross straps) and wore it almost exclusively.  It looks great as a layering piece, and works beautifully as a running bra.  Plus the removable pads shape and conceal.  I wouldn’t have thought there could be a better all-around bra…then I received the new adjustable handful.  Just as great as the original — but even more versatile.  Not only can you wear it with the straps crossed in back, it is also adjustable and can be worn with straight straps – perfect for strappy tanks!

Read more about Handful Sports Bra at Women’s Endurance Gear.


Photo copyright by Handful.

Earth Runners : Conductive Minimalist Footwear

Are you a minimalist runner?  You should give Earth Runners  sandals a try! Earth Runners  sandals are designed to absorb more subtle electrical energies from the Earth.  Let’s see if you’ll get that “electrifying” sensation wearing this sandals.

The self-molding sandals give you that satisfying “ground feel”, while offering both protection and comfort in an exceptionally functional sandal. Earth Runners come in two unique models – the Quantum and the Ultralight; both are designed to accommodate wearers comfortably in a wide range of urban and outdoor environments. They’ve tested the sandals across hundreds of miles of terrain over the past year and now are excited to share them with the world! 

They’re passionate about promoting a more grounded way of living that’s available when we tap into and connect with the vast resource of abundant electrical energy of the Earth itself. They pledge that for every ten sandals sold, they will donate a pair toSeva Sandals  – an organization dedicated to providing sandals at no cost to children in India.


Read the full article at Midwest Multisport Life.


Photo copyright by

Garmin Releases Simple GPS Watch for Beginner Runners

Do you feel like you are overloaded with infos whenever you check out your GPS watch? Freak out no more!

If you are a runner who is more concerned with the basic statistics, I have good news for you! Garmin releases a very functional GPS watch that targets beginner runners.  It’s very simple and easy to use at an affordable price (well, if compared to other GPS watch).

Garmin announced the release of the Forerunner 10, an entry-level GPS watch that focuses on the basics: time and distance. The watch will be available this fall in three colors–black, green, and pink–and will retail for $129.99.

The Forerunner 10 is sure to be a hit with newer runners because it doesn’t overwhelm them with data, and it’s simple enough to operate that they likely won’t need to read the instruction manual. For the same reasons, many advanced runners will like it–the watch simply shows them just how far they ran, and for how long.


Find out more at Runner’s World. 


Photo copyright  by Flickr user Bike_Dibley. 

Usain Bolt’s Running Shoes Auctioned for Charity Cause

Would you bid for  a £50,000 running shoes? What if I told you that the owner of these shoes is none other than the fastest man on Earth – Usain Bolt ? Apparently, I found out that these shoes possess lucky charms too!

As well as winning the shoes Miss Coyne has just won a battle to save the Boy and Barrel from being sold off by its owners Punch Taverns.

She appealed in the Telegraph & Argus for 150,000 people to pledge £1 so she could buy the Boy & Barrel, in Westgate, to preserve it for future generations.

She said: “The campaign to save it worked, we got loads of support from locals and the £850 we raised to try and buy if off them went towards getting the paint job done outside.

“I’m on a winning streak. I can’t wait to buy a ticket for Friday’s big lottery!”

Read the full article at Telegraph and Argus. 


Photo copyright by Jamaipanese.

Sports drink and sneakers are not the perfomance boosters

Well, here’s a surprise, researchers cast doubt on manufacturers claim regarding the benefits of sports drinks and shoes. Oh, the horror. Read on.

Researchers at Oxford University, for instance, looked at 431 advertised claims tied to 104 different sports drink, protein shake and running shoe products.

And they found “a striking lack of evidence” for any of the performance enhancement or injury prevention benefits the products — including some of the world’s biggest brands — had touted.

In the absence of such evidence, researchers said that it was “virtually impossible for the public to make informed choices about the benefits and harms of advertised sports products.”

Read the full post at

Photo copyright by Flickr user Andy

Do sneakers cause plantar fasciitis(heel pain)?

This may shock every runner, marathoner and athlete: with great sneakers comes great pain. But that pops up a question: do all popular sneakers design  with comfort and injury prevention? I am pointing you to this interesting column in which the writer is trying to establish that “Running shoes can be a real pain” let’s see whether you agree with him or not.

I’m convinced that the biggest benefactor when it comes to running isn’t your heart but the sneaker industry. And just to make sure and drive the point home this ailment came along that’s taken me more than three months to learn how to pronounce.

Plantar fasciitis was completely unknown to me. It isn’t anymore since that pain in my heel has a way of grabbing my attention. An inordinate number of people I’ve come into contact with say they’ve experienced it. Interesting enough, they all seem to know how to pronounce it.

Most are runners, just as I now profess to be. It shouldn’t come as a surprise that running can be tough on your feet, especially if you lack the proper support in your running shoe. Running funny doesn’t help either.

Read the full post at the Green Bay Press Gazette

Photo copyright by Flickr user Joe Strupek

Adidas Launches Natural Running Collection

The trio is out!  I’ve been hearing raves  and rants about these shoes.  You judge!

it’s reality: adidas is releasing a three-shoe “natural running” collection that’s meant to guide runners through the transition from conventional trainers to minimalist models.

Which one will you pick?

The shoes will be available next month, with retail prices of $110 (Motion), $100 (Gazelle) and $90 (Adapt).


Read more about the new models at Runner’s World.


Photo copyright by Flickr user Jason Lanzoni of Street Market.

Essential gears for trail running

Planning to go on a trail running adventure? Wait…. there is nothing for you to plan except your safety. Ultrarunning champion Scott Jurek has a guide for essential gear for staying safe on the trails, assuming Big Foot does not come after you.

Navigation: Unless I know the area like the back of my hand, I carry a topographic map of the area. A compass, altimeter and/or GPS watch can also be indispensible if you are lost in new territory.

Sun Protection: Use sunscreen on areas that receive direct sunlight (tops of ears, nose, shoulders, etc.) or wear a shirt, hat or visor to block direct rays.  Sunglasses are helpful for blocking sun and wind, and aid visibility in blowing rain, snow and dust.

Insulation: Packing a lightweight long-sleeve T-shirt (preferably wool) or an ultralight down vest can prevent hypothermia if you have to hunker down due to injury or fatigue. Consider packing lightweight nylon or waterproof pants on long, remote runs.

Read the full post at the Competitor

Photo copyright by Flickr user Karah Levely

Women’s Running Apparel – Say Goodbye to Spandex Shorts

Running skirts? All I have to say is…what took so long.

Identical twins Cindy and Christy Baker are the force behind RunningSkirts. After logging many miles, they wanted a little more style in their workout wear. So they developed a line of running gear, anchored by the eponymous skirts. They launched their company seven years ago.

Running skirts are perfect to stick in your suitcase if you’re running a race in another city. They’re also a versatile item you can wear for post-run touring. Skirt fashions range from basic black to a wild paisley print. They fold up small in your suitcase and won’t wrinkle.

Read the full article in Idea Fitness Convention. 

Photo copyright by Flickr user Team Sparkle.